Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is considered to be a relatively safe procedure in cerebral arteriovenous malformation management. There are very few reported cases of SRS-associated/induced malignancies.
We show the case of a 21-year-old female who presented with a 21-mm3 ruptured AVM in the right mesial frontocallosal region. Embolization and/or radiosurgery was proposed. She preferred radiosurgery. The AVM was treated with CyberKnife® SRS.
She presented behavior changes 6 years after SRS. MRI showed a right subcortical frontal lesion with increased perfusion, more consistent with high-grade glioma. The lesion’s center was within the irradiated region of the previous SRS, having received an estimated radiation dose of 4 Gy. Pathological examination noted a hypercellular tumor showing astrocytic tumor cells with moderate pleomorphism in a fibrillary background, endothelial proliferation, and tumor necrosis surrounded by perinecrotic pseudopalisades. Numerous mitotic figures were seen. The appearances were those of glioblastoma, WHO grade IV, with neuronal differentiation. SRS-associated/-induced GBM after treatment of a large AM is exceptional. SRS-associated/-induced malignancies are mostly GBMs and occur on average after a latency of 9.4 years, within very low-dose peripheral regions as well as the full-dose regions; 33.3 % of patients were under 20 years at the time of SRS, and in 66 % the lesion treated was a vascular pathology.
Although it is unlikely that the risk of radiation induced cancer will change the current standard of practice, patients must be warned of this potential possibility before treatment.
Ky Artikull është botuar në “ACTA Neurochirurgica”, Revista Europiane e Neurokirurgjisë,
botim i EANS (Europian Association of Neurosurgical Societies), me faktor impakti 1.78 (2013).
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